Initiatives and law/policy framework regarding green sectors for Republic of Slovenia

Constitution of Slovenia provides that the state shall promote a healthy living environment. To this end, the conditions and manner in which economic and other activities are pursued shall be established by law. The state and local communities shall promote the preservation of the natural and cultural heritage.

The basic environmental legislation in Slovenia is the Environmental Protection Act (Zakon o varstvu okolja – ZVO) (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, Nos. 32/93 and 1/96) that is changed in 2004 (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 41/04) and amended in 2006 (ZVO-1-UPB1, OJ RS, No. 39/06) as result of the consistent transposition of EU directives governing environmental protection.

The Environmental Protection Act regulates the system of environmental protection based on sustainable development principles and within this framework sets out the fundamental principles of environmental protection, environmental protection measures, environmental monitoring and information about environmental, economic and financial instruments of environmental protection, public services and other issues related to environmental protection.

The following acts are part of the primarily environmental legislation of Slovenia [1] :

  • Energy Act: Introduced a better way of supporting the investments in renewable energy sources through feed-in tariffs
  • National action plan for renewable energy sources (NREAP): Contains specific goals for electricity production from renewable energy sources and means of achieving the goal
  • Act on waters : Goal is to achieve good usage in combination with good state of all waters within Slovenia by implementing water concessions. The act includes the transposition of the WFD. (achievement of a good status of all water bodies and prevention of further deterioration)
  • Act on nature conservation : Defines the allowed interactions with natural environments for exploiting natural resources without acting harmfully on nature and natural species in the specific area (EU nature conservation directives such as Bird and Habitats Directives)

· National Nature Conservation Plan 2005‐15 provides a good framework for strengthening biodiversity conservation

· Operational Programme for the management of Natura 2000 sites supporting the integration of biodiversity into policies in sectors such as tourism, agriculture and forestry [2]