The main policy responses to key environmental challenges and concerns are defined in the State Environmental Policy of the Czech Republic 2012–2020 which sets a framework for the effective protection of the environment in the following main areas:
- Protection and sustainable use of resources
- Climate protection and improvement of ambient air quality
- Protection of nature and landscape
- Safe environment
The main objective of the Policy is to ensure a healthy and high-quality environment for citizens living in the Czech Republic, to significantly contribute to a more effective use of resources and minimize negative impacts of human activities on environment, including cross-border impacts, and thus contribute to the improvement of quality of life in Europe and globally  .
The State of the Environment Report (SoER) of the Czech Republic is a basic reporting document of the Czech Republic. The SoER is published annually on the basis of Act No. 123/1998 Coll., on the right to information on the environment, and on the Resolution of the Government No. 446 of the 17th of August 1994. The SoER has to be published within three months of receiving government approval. The methodology of the SoER is indicator-based. The indicators cover the following main environmental themes:
- Atmosphere and Climate
- Water management and water quality
- Soil and Landscape
- Industry and Energy
- Waste and material flows
The set of indicators used is constantly being adapted to the needs of the Czech Republic's current national environmental policy, to the European Environment Agency (EEA) core set of indicators  , to environmental problems, and to the availability of the source data sets. CENIA, Czech Environmental Information Agency, is responsible for producing the SoER.
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